Revisión sistemática de la repercusión fisiológica de los cursos militares operacionales cortos para el soldado

Palabras clave: deporte, educación física, fuerzas armadas, salud

Resumen

Con el fin de identificar la repercusión fisiológica que tienen los cursos de combate en el soldado, se realizó una revisión sistemática de estudios sobre entrenamiento militar, tanto analíticos como experimentales, publicados entre 2008 y 2018 en revistas indexadas. Como resultado de la búsqueda, se encontraron 483 artículos, de los cuales, conforme a los criterios de inclusión, solo quedo un total de 48. Se concluyó que los cambios fisiológicos del soldado en cursos cortos evidencian, a nivel mundial, la importancia y beneficios del ejercicio en su vida como combatiente: el entrenamiento aumenta y mejora con frecuencia las condiciones biomecánicas y motoras. No obstante, la deprivación de sueño, el aporte hipocalórico y las sobrecargas exageradas afectan negativamente las condiciones biomecánicas y conllevan lesiones o enfermedades.

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Cómo citar
Aparicio Gomez, D. F., Castro Jiménez, L. E., García Muñoz, A. I., Cubides Amézquita, J. R., & Puentes Salazar, A. M. (2019). Revisión sistemática de la repercusión fisiológica de los cursos militares operacionales cortos para el soldado. Revista Científica General José María Córdova, 17(26), 433-451. https://doi.org/10.21830/19006586.402

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Publicado
2019-04-01
Sección
Industria y Tecnología