Redes de defensa voluntarias en preparación ante emergencias en países desarrollados: el caso de Suecia

Palabras clave: actores de la sociedad civil, comunicación, coordinación civil-militar, eficiencia de gestión, preparación para emergencias, redes de defensa voluntarias

Resumen

Las redes voluntarias son actores de la sociedad civil e importantes para la eficiencia en la preparación de emergencia de los países desarrollados. Este estudio es sobre las redes de defensa voluntarias en Suecia, un conjunto único de redes voluntarias que contribuyen a la eficiencia de la preparación para emergencias. Las entrevistas con expertos en el campo civil y militar sueco y sus redes de defensa voluntarias asociadas y datos secundarios expusieron el examen de la coordinación de la red de defensa voluntaria en la práctica. La coordinación voluntaria de la red está significativamente asociada con la eficiencia, pero en la práctica, la mayoría de las redes voluntarias no están bien coordinadas. Si los profesionales civiles y militares de los países desarrollados están luchando con la coordinación de redes voluntarias, este estudio confirma que no son únicos en su lucha. La práctica indiferente es de hecho la norma. Los profesionales civiles y militares pueden seguir una ruta adecuada aquí establecida cuando se busca mejorar la eficiencia de la respuesta de emergencia.

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Biografía del autor/a

Elvira Kaneberg, Jönköping International Business School, Suecia

Profesora adjunta de logística y gestión de la cadena de suministro en la Universidad de Jönköping en Suecia. Su investigación se centra en la logística humanitaria, las redes de la cadena de suministro, la preparación para emergencias y la gestión de la organización. Ha publicado artículos en revistas como Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management.

Susanne Hertz, Jönköping International Business School, Suecia

Profesora de Administración de Empresas especializada en Logística y gestión de la cadena de suministro. Su campo de investigación incluye la integración de la cadena de suministro, dinámica de alianzas y procesos de cambio en cadenas de suministro, proveedores de logística y servicios, dinámica de redes logísticas, logística minorista y logística humanitaria y aparece en muchas revistas.

Leif-Magnus Jensen, School of Engineering at Jonkoping University, Suecia

Profesor asistente de logística en la Universidad de Jönköping en Suecia. Su investigación se centra en los intermediarios en la distribución, la reubicación de la cadena de suministro y la logística humanitaria. Ha publicado artículos en revistas como International Journal of Physical Distribution y Logistics Management, y Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management.

Cómo citar
Kaneberg, E., Hertz, S., & Jensen, L.-M. (2019). Redes de defensa voluntarias en preparación ante emergencias en países desarrollados: el caso de Suecia. Revista Científica General José María Córdova, 17(26), 229-250. https://doi.org/10.21830/19006586.379

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Publicado
2019-04-01