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Author Guidelines

Author Guidelines


The journal Revista Científica General José María Córdova (Rev. Cient. Gen. José María Córdova, ISSN: 1900-6586, e-ISSN: 2500-7645) is a peer-reviewed, international Open Access academic publication, which is published quarterly (January-March, April- June, July-September, October-December) by the Escuela Militar de Cadetes “General José María Córdova” (ESMIC), alma mater of the Officers of the Colombian National Army.

fte journal endeavors to unite science and humanities in the field of military scienc- es by presenting multiple disciplinary approaches in science and technology articles, perspective articles, review articles, and book reviews. fte articles are published in four languages: Spanish, English, Portuguese, and French in five permanent sections 1) Military studies, 2) Human rights and international humanitarian law, 3) Education 4)Technoscience, and 5) History.

By publishing in the Revista Científica General José María Córdova, the authors profit from a rigorous and constructive evaluation of their research, an efficient and com- plimentary review process, and a multidisciplinary readership. fte articles published in  the Journal are indexed in SciELO, EBSCO Information Services, and Publindex.

The Revista Científica General José María Córdova permanently accepts original articles and with a critical approach in the following areas:

  • Biotechnology
  • Agricultural Sciences
  • Basic Sciences
  • Social Sciences, Society, and Geopolitics
  • Education, training, coaching, and doctrine
  • Electronics, Telecommunications and Information Technology
  • Environment
  • Technological, industrial, and quality processes
  • Military Psychology
  • Military Health
  • Defense and Security

Some of the topics of greatest interest to the journal’s audience include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Analysis and conflict resolution
  • Use of explosives in military engineering
  • Cyber Defense and Cyber Security
  • Weapon control
  • Convergence of criminal phenomena
  • Culture and strategic thinking
  • Democracy and political systems
  • Military Law
  • Human Rights and IHL
  • Military and humanitarian demining
  • Detection and neutralization of explosive devices
  • Defense Economics
  • Military training and education
  • Gender studies
  • Creation of virtual and digital environments
  • Defense Industry
  • Insurgency and counterinsurgency
  • Strategic intelligence and counterintelligence
  • Transitional Justice
  • Civilian and military logistics
  • Veterinary and Animal Science
  • Medicine, Biomedical, and Civil-Military Welfare
  • Environment and sustainable development
  • Historical memory and truth commissions
  • Nature of war
  • Military operations
  • Multidimensional peace operations
  • Pedagogy, human development and socialization
  • Security and defense policies
  • Peace processes
  • Engineering processes and materials
  • Security and defense processes and systems
  • Rules of engagement and use of force
  • Civil-Military relations
  • Regional and international security
  • Simulation systems
  • Sociology, psychology and military history
  • Civilian and military technologies
  • Decision theory and doctrine
  • Terrorism and counterterrorism
  • Military transformation and modernization


Style Guide

  1. Words: The articles submitted should be a minimum of 6,000 and a max- imum of 8,000 (including abstract and references). Articles exceeding this word length will be authorized exceptionally with a maximum of 10,000 words.
  2. Line spacing. Use 5-line spacing.
  3. Font and fte text, tables, and illustrations should be presented in Times New Roman, 12 points.
  4.  Revista Científica General José María Córdova considers three levels for headings or titles based on the APA Publication Manual (most recent edi- tion) with some modifications.


1. Explanatory notes. Footnotes are reserved for explanatory notes by the Citations and references must appear in the body of the text using APA style guide- lines (most recent edition).

Use them sparsely. Use the nomenclature adopted by the interna- tional community of your particular field. Abbreviations should be defined the first time they appear in the text and used thereon to refer to the term. ftey should not appear at the beginning of a sentence or in the title, and their use should be avoided in the abstract.

Do not use italics for: a priori, a posteriori, versus, et al., sensu, and per se. Foreign words and phrases should be italicized accompanied by their translation in parenthesis. Do not use italics for names of foreign institutions.

If the article includes equations, these must be to the left and numbered consecutive (numbers in parenthesis, justified right). Use an equation editor. fte meaning of each symbol should be explained in the text. Example:

    1.                                                                                              y = mx + b                     (1)

      Where: y is the Abs540, x is cell concentration in g/ml, b is the intercept over y, and m is the slope of the line.

Preparing Submission

The authors must prepare four separate files in the original language of the manu- script to be considered; these files are the letter to the editor, cover page, manuscript, and tables and figures. ftese documents must be uploaded online through the journal’s web page to the Open Journal System (OJS) platform. For more information see numeral 4 of the section “Publication guidelines.”

    1. Letter to the In PDF format. Must be signed by the main author on behalf of all the authors; this is the first filter used by the editor to determine whether the manuscript should continue to peer review or be rejected. See sample Letter to Editor in Annex 1.
    2. Cover In MS Word format, letter size (21.59 cm x 27.94) with 2.54 cm symmetrical margins. Must include the title in Spanish, English, Portuguese, and French, as well as the following information: (See sample Cover Letter in Annex 2)
      1. For each author provide exact and correct first and last names; institu- tional affiliations (name of the university or academic organization where you work, including country); institutional email address; and Open Researcher and Contributor ID, ORCID. Each author must have an ORCID identifier; if not, it can be generated at the following link: https://orcid.org/register). fte corresponding author should be marked with an asterisk.
      2. Article type and section in which it fte authors must specify the type of manuscript they are submitting depending on the characteristics and methodology of their research project (scientific and technological article, re- view article, perspective article or book review). ftey must also determine the permanent journal section to which the article should appear (Military studies, Human rights and international humanitarian law, Education, Technoscience or History).
      3. ftis section is optional. It can include: sponsoring insti- tution, other contributors, institutions that supported the research, reviewers, translators, research permits (with code), informed consents (when applica- ble).
      4. Authors must state any conflicts of interest (personal or insti- tutional) concerning the results obtained and published in the article. fte authors must also explicitly indicate if, during the process of reviewing and publishing the scientific, literary work, there are any conflicts of interest, either by a close personal relationship with a reviewer, editor, funding source, or un- fair academic competition. Note: there is a conflict when it influences and bi- ases the judgment on copyright, acceptance, and publication of a manuscript.
      5. Provide the source of funding for the preparation of the article as well as its reference code (if applicable).

    1. About the author(s). Provide a summary of the academic profiles and research interests of each
    1. In MS Word format, letter size (21.59 cm X 27.94 cm) with symmet- rical margins of 2.54 cm. fte manuscript must include the following sections in the order established below. fte authors must make sure that they have eliminated their names and personal details from the text body and electronic file, as well as any reference that may identify them. See sample manuscript in Annex 3.
      1. Should not exceed 150 words and summarize the most outstanding contents of the text (objective, methods, results, and conclusions, according to article type) to provide the reader a comprehensive view of the subject and problem addressed in the document. Avoid the use of acronyms, tables, math- ematical expressions, references and speculative statements.
      2. Five words maximum, pertaining to the subject of the article (in lowercase, separated by semicolons). ftese words must be listed in alphabeti- cal order and be descriptors and significant expressions developed in the con- tent of the abstract; they must contribute to locating the article by subject. Keywords should preferably be included in the thesaurus related to your work’s area of study, according to OECD criteria.
      3. Should describe the topic addressed, the writings of other au- thors on the matter, the objective of the study and state the main question or hypothesis. It must provide the reader with sufficient context to understand the results. Here, the author must establish the main question and why it was formulated.
      4. Theoretical ftis section develops the theory that bases the project in coherence with the approach to the problem (main question).
      5. ftis section describes in detail how the study was carried out and the way in which the variables and information were analyzed so that the re- search can be replicated; it describes what was done to answer the main ques- tion. Do not include results in this section, unless they are preliminary results used to design the study. For complex protocols, the use of diagrams, tables or flow diagrams is suggested.
      6. In this section, only those results that answer the main question/hy- pothesis and support the conclusion are presented. fte results are not dis- cussed or speculated on, only reported. If appropriate, use figures and tables.
      7. fte relevance of the results is established here. fte main question is answered, showing its relationship with the results and how they support the hypothesis, as well as its coherence with previous research. Unexpected findings (if any) are reported and explained. Other possibilities of interpreting the results obtained and their contribution to the subject, in general, are presented. Lastly, the potential for new investigations emerging from these results is established.
    1. Depending on the type of article, this section can be included in the discussion). It must properly conclude what has been stated in the intro- duction and provide the reader with the understanding of the most significant contribution, its relevance, and possible use. fte conclusion cannot extrap- olate, recommend, or reach conclusions of that which was not measured or present arguments that are outside the limits of the study.
    2. fte authors should follow the reference style of the APA Publishing Manual (most current edition) with some modifications. In this model, in- text citations must include the author’s last names (without initials) and dates, and specify exact page numbers, in the case of direct quotations. For example, Caldas (1815/1966) maintains that […] or (Caldas, 1815/1966, pp. 57-58). References must be listed alphabetically at the end of the text, under the head- ing “References.” Every reference cited in the text must also be presented in the reference list (and vice versa).

    The authors must make sure that all of the works, including periodicals and government documents, are referenced in full. References should appear as follows:

    • Use of double quotation marks (“text”) except for quotes within quotes, which should appear between single quotation marks (‘text’). For omitted sections in a quotation, ellipses between brackets “[...]”. If the quotation exceeds 40 words, it should appear as a paragraph with a five-space indentation, without quotation marks and in 11 pts. Cambria.
    • Words, quotes, and text in foreign Individual words and short phrases in languages other than Spanish should be in italics. Make sure that the translation of all texts in foreign languages appears in paren- theses next to the text. fte names of institutions and universities should not be written in italics because they are proper names.
    • Books. Author(s) last name, first initial. (Year). Title. City:

    Bourdieu, P. (1884). Questions de sociologie. Paris: Les Éditions de Minuit. De La Fuente, A. (2001). A Nation for All: Race, Inequality, and Politics in Twentieth-Century Cuba. Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press.

    Dequi, F. (2005). Neopedagogia da Gramática; 18 teses surpreendentes. ipuc: Canoas.

    Eco, U. (2010). Cómo se hace una tesis. Técnicas y procedimientos de estudio, investigación y escritura. Barcelona: Gedisa.

    -  Journal articles and periodicals: Author(s) last name, first initial. (Year).

    Article title. Journal title, volume (number), page or page range.

     Boyer, R. (2003). L’anthropologie économique de Pierre Bourdieu. Actes de la recherche en sciences socials, 150, 65-78.

    Hoyos, G. (2010). Las ciencias necesitan de las humanidades y las artes. Innovación y Ciencia, Edición Especial, 17(3), 200-2011.

    LaFree, G. & Ackerman, G. (2009). fte Empirical Study of Terrorism: Social and Legal Research. Annual Review of Law and Social Science, 5, 347-374.

    Villa, R. (2007). Limites do ativismo venezuelano para a América do Sul. Política Externa, 16, 37-49.

    • Chapter in edited books: Author(s) last name, first initial. (Year). Chapter title. Book editor or coordinator (use the abbreviations Ed. o ), Book title (page range). City: Publisher.

    Maldonado, C. E. (2006). Política y sistemas no lineales: la biopolítica. En Vela (Coord.), Dilemas de la política (pp. 91-142). Bogotá: Universidad Externado de Colombia.

    Radosh, R. (1976).  fte  Cuban  Revolution  and  Western  Intellectuals: A Personal Report. En R. Radosh (Ed.), The New Cuba: Paradoxes and Potentials (pp. 37-55). New York: William Morrow.

    • Unpublished theses and dissertations: Author(s) last name, first (Year). Title of thesis or dissertation (Doctoral, Master’s thesis, etc.). City: University or institution.

    Abramova, T. (2003). Dermatoglifia dactilar y capacidades físicas (Tesis de doctorado). Moscú: Instituto Ruso de investigaciones en Cultura Física y Deporte.

    Wally, T. (1989). Dual Economies in Argentina: A Study of Buenos Aires. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Liverpool: University of Liverpool.

    • Government documents: Government (Year). Title. City.

    Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2003). Young Homeless People in Australia 2001-2002. Canberra.

    • Laws and decrees: Country and institution responsible for the law or decree (day, month and year, or only the latter in the case of the Constitution.). Law or decree #, Official Journal #. City.

    Colombia. (1991). Constitución Política de Colombia de 1991. Bogotá. Colombia, Congreso de la República. (16 de marzo de 2010). Ley 1383 de 2010, por la cual se reforma la Ley 769 de 2002 – Código Nacional de Tránsito, y se dictan otras disposiciones. Diario Oficial 47.653. Bogotá.

    • Court sentences: Country or institution responsible for the sentence (day, month and year). Sentence #. M. : name of Reporting Magistrate. City.

    Colombia, Corte Constitucional. (12 de abril de 1997). Sentencia C-176 94- M. P.: Martínez Caballero, A. Bogotá.

    • Internet sources: Author(s) last name, first initial. (Year). Title of docu- ment or Retrieved from (URL address)

    Smith, A. (1999). Select Committee Report. Retrieved from http://www. dhss.gov.uk/ reports/report015285.html

    1. Tables, figures, and graphic material. In MS Word format, MS Excel or anoth- er editable file. ftey should be submitted in fte general guidelines for tables and figures of the APA Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (sixth edition, second printing, 2010) or Manual de publicaciones de la American Psychological Association (tercera edición, 2010) should be followed, espe- cially as regards to the headers and omission of all vertical rules. Because they must be submitted in a separate file, it is imperative that these are properly referenced and numbered in the text, in boldface the first time they are mentioned. Each table and figure must have a caption in 12 pts. Cambria. See example in Annex 4.
      1. Must be submitted in original editable format (Word, Excel).
      2. Figures, drawings, and Must have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi and captions.
      3. Must have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi, captions and cardinal points, and scale, when relevant.
      4. Photographs. Must have a minimum resolution of 300 Photographs will be selected according to their relevance and the support they provide the work.


    If tables and figures from other sources are used, the structure of the original must be copied exactly, and the source cited according to apa style. When the tables and figures are created by the authors, based on their research, the Journal’s protocols require the statement: “Source: material created by the author,” as the last line of the table or figure caption. Illustrations with specific copyright restrictions cannot be reproduced without permission from the copyright holder, which must be submitted with the Rights Transfer document.

    fte Journal publishes images and graphics in grayscale in its printed version. fte author can specify whether these figures will appear in color online, in which case, the author must submit the figures (graphics, illustrations, and maps) in both versions (color and grays). Graphics that have color conventions must make sure that, when converted to grays, the information is legible.